European Union governments have agreed to put the armed wing of Hezbollah on the EU terrorism blacklist in a reversal of past policy fuelled by concerns over the Lebanese militant movement’s activities in Europe.
Britain and the Netherlands have been pressing their EU peers since May to put the Shia Muslim group’s military wing on its terrorism list, citing evidence it was behind a bus bombing in Bulgaria last year that killed five Israelis and their driver.
The EU had resisted pressure from Washington and Israel to blacklist Hezbollah, arguing that the move could lead to instability in Lebanon, where the group is part of the government, and add to tensions in the Middle East.
But evidence from Bulgaria about the attack, and concerns over Hezbollah’s growing involvement in the war in Syria, persuaded opponents to back the move, which triggers the freezing of any assets the group’s armed wing may hold in the 28 constituent nations of the EU.
“It is good that the EU has decided to call Hezbollah what it is: a terrorist organisation,” the Dutch foreign minister, Frans Timmermans, said on the sidelines of a meeting of EU foreign ministers who decided on the blacklisting.
“We took this important step today, by dealing with the military wing of Hezbollah, freezing its assets, hindering its fundraising and thereby limiting its capacity to act.”